TSUNAMI Tsunami is a Japanese word meaning is harbor wave. A tsunami is a series of huge that occur after undersea disturbances such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The waves travel in all directions from the area of disturbances. These waves can be as high as 50 feet or more. They may attain speeds of over 750 km/ h. In 1970, a tidal wave and cyclone struck Bangladesh killing about 2, 00,000 people. The tsunami that hit the coasts of India and some other countries on the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004 killed near 3,00,000 people and made thousands of people homeless.

What was unusual about the Tsunami was that it simultaneously and without any warning, affected several countries and populations. India was the third most-affected country after Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Without recourse to international assistance, India has been able to respond adequately to the disaster, which damaged the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Pondicherry and the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. On the Indian mainland, Tamil Nadu was the worst affected state with official death tolls placing the dead at more than 8000 people. It is estimated that nearly 76 percent of those killed on the mainland were from the southern district of Nagapattinam, the worst affected in India.

Total Area hectares2.7 lakh hectare
Total Population 14.88 lakhs
Urban Population 3.3 lakhs
Rural Population11.58 lakhs
Affected Population1.96 lakhs
Agricultural Laborers5%

The devastation in Nagapattinam has severely affected about 80 villages. Many more have faced damage in varying degrees. Fishing villages dominate this coastal district and nearly 70 percent of the severely affected villages are fishing villages. Akkarapettai and Keechankuppam have been the most badly affected villages in Nagapattinam with over a 1000 affected families. In many villages, the loss of life was estimated by the number of bodies recovered rather than those dead, as the sea swept people off one coast and washed their bodies up a different shore.


Tamil Nadu



Human Loss








Cattle Loss








No. of Person Evacuated

4.70 lakhs

1.96 lakhs



Star Fish

Starfish is a sea star. It is a beautiful & real animal. It just look like a star. There are verity of sizes, shapes and colours.These sea stars are belong to the phylom echinodermata. They do not have scales, fins, or gills like fish. It moves with the help of tiny tube feet (see the picture). It can regenerate their limbs and in some cases their whole body. They lives in the oceans.

Star fish weight – 5 kgs (Approximately)
Star fish – 12 – 26 centimeters
Life – about 35 years 

There are more than 1000 species of sea stars. The star fish have five arm whereas the sun stars have 30 to 40 arms. There are some other star fishes with 10, 15, 20 arms.


Animal Life

 There are animals in you and me
“Strange! “  Thought I this cannot be. “
But slowly I began to see…

How in the garden I like to stay
Just like a puppy I want to play!

I love to climb into a tree,
And swing through the branches like a monkey!

When the alarm bell rings and it is time to wake,
I feel like a koala bear that needs a shake
As I dress for school and I wash my face,
     I feel like a snail that is too slow to race!

In the class room, like a parrot I like to talk,
Though teacher frowns at me with her duster and chalk!
 Grandpa patted me on the head,
           “Grow up son!” is what he said.
 “Conquer these animal traits if you can,
           And you will be a very fine man!”



Types of Satellites

A Satellite is a small body which revolves around a planet. Satellite are of two types Natural Satellite and Artificial Satellite. The moon is a Natural Satellite of the Earth. Artificial Satellite are man-made these are deployed above the earth surface for observation. This observation from a great distance is called remote sensing. Artificial Satellites are of two types:

    1. Sun-synchronous orbit ( polar ) satellite : These satellites follow polar orbits at a height ranging from 500-1,000 km.
    2. Geo – synchronous (Equatorial) satellite : These satellites follow the orbits parallel  to equator, i.e. , equatorial orbits at a fixed height of about 36,000 km.

    Read the rest of this entry »

    Success Poem

    The law of autosuggestion, through which any person may rise to altitudes of achievement which stagger the imagination, is well described in the following verse;

    ‘’If you think you are beaten, you are,

    If you think you dare not, you don’t

    If you like to win, but you think you can’t

    It is almost certain you won’t.


    “If you think you’ll loose, you’re lost

    For out in the world we find,

    Success begins with a fellow’s will-

    It’s all in the state of mind


    “If you think you are outclassed, you are

    You’ve got to think high to rise,

    You’ve got to be sure of yourself before

    You can ever win a prize


    “Life’s battles don’t always go

    To the stronger or faster man,

    But soon or late the man who wins

    Is the man WHO THINKS HE CAN!” 

    Written by

    Napoleon Hill

    Observe the words which have been emphasized, and you will catch the deep meaning which the poet had in mind.


    Diya (Rushalli)





    Ships are not made only for pleasure; their biggest use is in carrying goods from country to country . Aero planes are much expensive and there are not enough of them to feed even a small country like England .Trains cannot gross seas, and even if they could, the amount of goods they can carry cannot be compared with the amount that ships can.  In fact, Ships can carry more goods than any other means of transport and can do so more cheaply; but on the other hand, they are slower than trains or Aero planes. 

     This slowness means that travelers who want to go somewhere in hurry and who have not got too much luggage prepare to fly. 

    Ships have played a very important part in history by making it possible to discover more and more distant parts of the world.  

    Diya (Rushalli)

    Digestive System

    The food we eat is digested by the body with the help of the mouth, stomach and intestines. Digestion is the process of breaking down the food to simpler forms so that it can be absorbed by the body.

    When we eat food it is chewed by our teeth and gets mixed with the saliva in our mouth. Thus the food gets moist and slippery and is pushed into the food pipe or oesophagus. The oesophagus contracts and pushes the food into the stomach.

    The stomach is a J- shaped body, made of muscles. The juices of the stomach act on the food and it is passed into the small intestine. The small intestine is a coiled tube which is about 20 feet in length. Here the juices from the pancreas and gall bladder help to digest the food. The digested food is absorbed by the walls of the small intestine. The remaining undigested food is passed into the large intestine. Here water from the food is absorbed and the undigested food is thrown out of the body through the anus.

    The food absorbed by the small intestine enters the blood. This blood flows into the liver. The liver stores the nutrients from the food and also changes the food from one form to another. These nutrients are then sent to different parts of the body.

    Diya (Rushalli)                

    Page 6 of 7« First...34567